In India, for example, compulsory education spans over twelve years, with eight years of elementary education, 5 years of main education and three years of higher primary education. Various states within the republic of India present 12 years of obligatory college education based mostly on a nationwide curriculum framework designed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training. In China, Confucius (551–479 BCE), of the State of Lu, was the nation’s most influential historical philosopher, whose instructional outlook continues to affect the societies of China and neighbours like Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Confucius gathered disciples and searched in vain for a ruler who would undertake his beliefs for good governance, but his Analects had been written down by followers and have continued to influence education in East Asia into the modern era.
The principles of justice in educational distribution have maybe been the dominant theme on this literature, and Rawls’s affect on its development has been pervasive. Among the most influential products of APE was the analysis developed by Hirst and Peters and Peters of the concept of education itself. The technique used by Hirst and Peters comes across clearly in their handling of the analogy with the idea of “reform”, one they generally drew upon for expository functions. A legal who has been reformed has changed for the better, and has developed a commitment to the brand new mode of life . Clearly the analogy with reform breaks down with respect to the data and understanding situations.